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history of biology
history of protozoology
This paper considers argyrophilic (i.e. stained by the silver nitrate) fibrils visualized by the well-known Klein method and later called neuroformative system of Protozoa, or neuroformium. Klein described the excitation wave propagation and coordination of the cilia moving by this network, as well as the main role in localization of the peristomes and the ciliar apparatus on the topographic microanatomy map of Protozoa before and after the cell division. However, in early 1930-th the advanced staining techniques revealed two components in the above mentioned fibrill network with the similar morphobiochemical parameters (within the limits of the silver nitrate staining selectivity), one of which provides the mechanical stabilization of the Protozoa body (a number of Paramecium species were found to possess even a third selectively-stained fiber system). This resulted in the introduction of the term “argyrome” by Chatton in 1936 for the complex of the argentophilic fibrils and a term “cinetome” for the subpellicular infraciliature. It is therefore more appropriate to speak about “kinetomics” and “argyromics” rather than of a single “omics” for all the intracellular networks of Protozoa. We consider the principles of introduction of the novel “-omics” in modern science and from the above standpoint discuss whether it is possible to consider “kinetomics” and “argyromics” as the novel trends of functional morphology and systems biology of Protozoa.