|N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, email@example.com|
mass-dependent isotope effect
mass-independent isotope effect
electron spin resonance spectroscopy
electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy
This paper is a comprehensive review of the possibilities of isotopic patch-clamp and isotopic mass-patch-clamp technique development and represents a brief summary of the student's tutorial review by S. Pankratov. We propose to distinguish between the mass-dependent and mass-independent patch-clamp. The main principles introduced here will be developed in details at the second part of this paper.